Delivered by
Mochtar Naim
Member of The Indonesian House of Regional Representatives
At the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum
January 23, 2008
Auckland, New Zealand

Mr Chairman,
Honorable Delegates,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

Assalamu ‘alaikum w.w.
Peace be upon you and us all.

POVERTY is still amidst us.
Born out of political, economic and social factors,
poverty has become a serious and pressing challenge
facing our world today.
And the problem grows worse in an irrational international
political and economic order
amidst unbalanced development.
Therefore poverty alleviation is not only a term in economics,
but a comprehensive issue that has multidimensional aspects
which necessitate concerted cooperation.

Poverty in many developing Asian and Pacific countries sprang from the colonial past
which created a dual and dualistic economies,
by which the small ruling and enterprising non-indegenous elites control the modern and industrialized sectors
whereas the great majority of the people
and mostly indegenous
remain poor in rural areas
with traditional and subsistent agricultural economy.
Such trend as a whole remain steadfast until now.
Little opportunities given to the rural poor to bridge the gap
and enter the modern and industrialized sector.

As we might be aware of,
it has been 8 years since the adoption of the Millenium Declaration at the Millenium Summit in 2000;
Countries around the world have made efforts
for the elimination of poverty.
However, poverty is still one of the biggest problems
facing the region.
And for that reason poverty alleviation is imperative
for economic and social development
and it is also essential for sustainable human development.
The solution lies in coordination of individual countries
anti-poverty programs
and also conforming these programs to international
community programs.

For that purpose, some measures should be undertaken
such as utilizing and developing potentials of regional cooperation for the attainment of social development goals,
in particular the eradication of poverty.

We therefore should support all relevant stakeholders
to encourage Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs,
i.e., to behave ethically and contribute to economic development
in order to improve the quality of life of the workforce
and their families as well as of the local community
and society at large.

Corporate Social Responsibility Programs, if need be,
shall be instituted as part and parcel
of the larger national poverty elimination programs
by which corporate institutions shall set aside
certain percentage in their profit and revenues
for the poverty eradication programs
controled and coordinated by national governments concerned.

Furthermore, to bridge the poor and the rich,
the poor must have shares in corporate and private enterprises aside from labor and land that they chip in.
Their offsprings with sufficient education and training
must have equal opportunity to enter technical
dan managerial levels of the corporate and private enterprises.
As initiated by countries such as Malaysia,
there shall be a long term plan to uplift the economy
and welfare of the indegeneous
to be on a par with the non-indegenous minority economic elites. Only then dual economy in the long run can be eradicated.

Ladies and gentlemen,

In addition, we should also urge our respective governments
to carry out a number of tangible proverty alleviation programs
that are directly addressed to the grass-root level.
The efforts may include providing opportunities
for income generation, education, training, access to credit
and basic needs (health care, nutrition, housing
and sanitation).

To conclude, it is necessary that APPF parliamentarians
urge their respective governments
to implement good and transparent governance,
boost economic growth,
provide adequate social services
and ensure that public expenditure reaches the poor.

Thank you Mr Chairman.



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